Grassroots movements, degrowth and ‘new economies’ _ degrowth. de

There are numerous grassroots movements and initiatives worldwide with the ambition to contribute to transformative change towards more sustainable, resilient and just societies. Different types of art Many of them have a specific vision on the economy and relate to alternative visions of a ‘New Economy’. Different types of art galleries The research project TRANSIT highlights four prominent strands of new economy thinking in state-of-the-art discussions: degrowth, collaborative economy, solidarity economy, and social entrepreneurship. Types of painting art in indian Taking a perspective of transformative social innovation, the study draws on case studies of 12 social innovation initiatives to analyze how these relate to new economies and to transitions toward new economic arrangements. Types of art painting drawing All the networks we studied – including those not focusing on finance or economics – emphasize the need for a new economy.

Types of art markers Different perspectives on changing the economy

As eloquently described on the website of the Intercontinental Network for the Promotion of Social Solidarity Economy (RIPESS), “It is very common for the social economy to be conflated with the solidarity economy, but that they are not the same thing and the implications of equating them are rather profound.” It is argued that the “social economy” is a third sector phenomenon which complements the normal state and government, while the solidarity economy in fact “seeks to change the whole social-economic system and puts forth a different paradigm” of development based on solidarity economy principles. Different types of art movements Thus in a network like RIPESS there are quite a few people who are actually rather critical of networks such as Impact Hub. Different types of art painting styles Social entrepreneurship, so their argument, is not enough to really change the economic system towards a more solidary one.

So we clearly see that the networks have very different narratives of change. In our first round of comparative empirical analysis, we have reconstructed three such particular meta-narratives:

• The narrative that social change requires us to change our daily life-styles and live in local and more resilient communities, as we see in the ecovillage and transition network

These different meta-narratives also reveal fundamentally different theories of change i.e. Types of art designs about how change comes about. What are types of art These theories of change inform specific actions on the ground. Types of tattoo art styles Therefore it is important to emphasize that these narratives and theories are not just about talking about change and telling each other stories. Types of art paper This is because they are very much alive in practices on the ground where houses are built, pieces of land are transformed, community-gardens are set-up, start-ups are born, negotiations with governments take place and so forth.

We use the term ‘new economies’ to describe a broad set of related and intertwined ideas that emerge from critique of mainstream economic thought and practice and reflect visions about prospective or emerging alternative or complementary economic theories and practices. Types of media art The study addresses the following questions:

• And what is potentially ‘transformative’ about these arrangements, in terms of how they challenge or confirm existing institutional constellations and underlying power relations between the state, the market, the community, and the non-profit sector?

We answer these questions by drawing on empirical analysis of 12 social innovation networks and how they relate to the (new) economy in the three following dimensions: (a) narratives of change, (b) new social relations, and (c) challenging institutional constellations. Different types of nail art The 12 networks under study are: Impact Hub: Global network of “glocal” (global-local) hubs for social entrepreneurs

The 12 networks under study have specific visions about the economy and relate to and/or engage with discourses on new and different forms of economies. List of types of art Our enquiries found that the ambition to work toward and contribute to a different type of economy was present explicitly in all the cases and included ideas on degrowth, localization, social entrepreneurship, collaborative, solidarity and social economy, as well as other ideas, such as ‘post-capitalism’, ‘green economy’, or ‘gift economy’. Types of art erasers These ideas and ambitions are embedded in so-called ‘narratives of change’. Different types of body art We define narratives of change as the “ discourses on change and innovation, i.e. Types of art exhibitions sets of ideas, concepts, metaphors, and/or story-lines about change and innovation”. Different types of art techniques Here we are interested in how the narratives of change of the social innovation networks, relate specifically to the (new) economy.

Each of the 12 social innovation network under study explicitly relates to the underlying philosophies of one or more of the four new economy strands – degrowth, collaborative economy, solidarity economy, and social entrepreneurship. Types of art mediums Table 2 summarizes which social innovation networks relate to which of the four strands of new economy thinking.

We found that all social innovation networks under study relate to different and new forms of economy, either by referring explicitly to one or several of the new economy strands as outlined above, or by using different terms, thereby co-shaping existing and/or new ‘narratives of change’ on new economies. Types of art students These narratives of change interact with game-changers such as the global economic recession of 2009: narratives respond to such game-changers, while (re)framing them at the same time. Different types of artichokes None of the narratives on ‘new economies’ as observed in our case-studies are entirely ‘new’, nor are they explicit ‘responses’ to the economic crisis. Types of fine art photography However, it seems that the perceived economic crisis has provided these alternative narratives with a ‘boost’ of renewed interest and opportunities. Different types of art education Our empirical studies demonstrate that several of our social innovation networks strategically and intentionally play into such ‘discursive dynamics’ and game-changing trends.

All our initiatives under study involve articulations of new social relations, as an important element of new economic arrangements. Types of modern art styles All our case studies of social innovation initiatives promote connectedness and relationships based on trust and authenticity. 5 different types of art Some emphasize direct interpersonal relationships of higher (ecovillages) or lower intensity (DESIS, credit cooperatives), while others emphasize connectedness through sharing physical and virtual spaces (Fab Labs, Impact Hubs etc.). Types of art styles with pictures All case study initiatives promote norms of collaboration and sharing on the basis of principles of equality, inclusion and transparency. Different types of artists They defend a transformation of relations towards collaboration/cooperation instead of competition, towards inclusion instead of exploitation, towards connectedness instead of alienation, and to empowerment instead of passivity.

New economy arrangements (e.g. Types of art media sharing practices or cooperative organizational forms) seem to play a significant role in various initiatives and networks aiming to contribute to sustainability transitions, or other manifestations of more just and resilient societies. Types of art degrees While new economy arrangements certainly include many technological aspects, we argue that these empirical phenomena also deserve more focused and elaborate attention for their deeply socio-cultural and socio-political dimensions. Different types of art and craft As such, we have proposed to understand ‘new economy’ phenomena as social innovations.

The full research working paper can be downloaded under the following link: Avelino, F.; Dumitru, A.; Longhurst, N.; Wittmayer, J.; Hielscher, S.; Weaver, P.; Cipolla, C.; Afonso, R.; Kunze, I.; Dorland, J.; Elle, M.; Pel, B.; Strasser, T.; Kemp, R.; and Haxeltine, A. Types of abstract art (2015) Transitions towards new economies? A transformative social innovation perspective (TRANSIT working paper ; 3), TRANSIT: SSH.2013.3.2-1 Grant agreement no: 613169.

is a geographer and sociologist. 5 types of art She is a senior researcher at the Center for Global Change and Sustainability at the University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences (BOKU), Vienna. Different types of art mediums Iris is currently researching transformative social innovations within the EU-FP7-TRANSIT project. Different types of lines used in art Before she has coordinated the doctoral school of sustainable development while researching on concepts of human-nature-relationship at BOKU. Different types of art activities Her expertise is on intentional communities, sustainable ways of living, empirical research on social movementsand ecovillages, as well as in transition studies, social ecology and governance. Different types of doodle art Iris`s homepage is